the 7 most important nutrients and supplements for pregnant women
Pregnant woman taking vitamins and supplements
Pregnant woman taking vitamins and nutritional supplements such as vitamin C, D3
One of the symptoms of vitamin deficiency in women is the occurrence of a range of physical and hormonal changes during pregnancy. The expectant mother also increases the need for various minerals and vitamins for her health and the health of her child. Getting the nutrients needed for the growth of the baby from the mother’s body is also essential during pregnancy. For these reasons, women must pay attention to eating the necessary nutrients through the diet that enters the body the required vitamins, or pregnancy vitamins can be obtained through various nutritional supplements.
However, at this point, it is necessary to go for regular check-ups during pregnancy and only use mineral supplements recommended by doctors. Although all the nutrients taken during pregnancy are important, the following minerals and vitamins play a very effective role in the healthy growth and development of the baby.
Omega-3 fatty acids DHA.
In the following lines, we discuss the importance of compensating for the deficiency of minerals and vitamins that must be taken during pregnancy, in terms of their usefulness for pregnancy and the food sources that can be obtained from them.
Calcium is one of the most important pregnancy vitamins, as it is necessary to strengthen teeth and bones, and is very important for the health of the baby in the womb. During pregnancy, the baby’s calcium needs are met by the mother. Therefore, it is necessary for pregnant women to pay attention to the intake and compensate for the symptoms of calcium deficiency for the health of the child and the mother. The amount of calcium that should be taken daily during pregnancy is 1,000 milligrams. Calcium needs can be met through foods such as dairy products, leafy green vegetables, broccoli, and flaxseeds. In addition, various supplements can be used under the supervision of a physician, of course.
2. Folic acid
Folic acid, which is essential for DNA synthesis, plays an important role in cell division. Therefore, a deficiency of folic acid results in cells not dividing sufficiently. In addition, folic acid plays an important role in the development of the fetus and the nervous system. Folic acid deficiency during pregnancy can cause many birth defects such as spina bifida, ie spina bifida. folic acid, which is especially abundant in green leafy vegetables; It also contains a high percentage of foods such as cabbage, oranges, broccoli and whole grains, and for these reasons, folic is considered one of the most important pregnancy vitamins.
3. vitamin c while pregnant
One of the most important vitamins of pregnancy, vitamin C, which is also an antioxidant, plays important roles in promoting the health of pregnant women because it helps in the development of connective tissues and blood vessels, collagen synthesis and wound healing, and the prevention of anemia. Furthermore, vitamin C is necessary for a developing fetus in the womb to have strong bones and teeth. Therefore, it is essential to get enough vitamin C during pregnancy. Oranges, green peppers, red peppers, broccoli, potatoes, strawberries, and currants are among the foods rich in vitamin C.
The molecules in red blood cells that carry oxygen to body tissues are called hemoglobin. When the iron taken from food during pregnancy is insufficient, when the mother’s body cannot produce enough hemoglobin. This situation can negatively affect the baby, whose circulatory system is developing, and the mother whose need for blood increases day by day. Therefore, getting enough iron and making up for iron deficiency during pregnancy is very important. Lean meats, leafy green vegetables, dried fruits and nuts are among the iron-rich foods that an expectant mother should eat.
5. Vitamin D
Vitamin D allows the body to absorb calcium; This vitamin also helps muscles, nerves, and the immune system to function. During pregnancy, it contributes to immune tolerance and vitamin D contributes to the development of the baby’s bones and teeth. Increase vitamin D from some foods, for example: eggs, red meat, fatty fish (salmon, mackerel, herring, sardines). In general, vitamin D is among the most important pregnancy vitamins.
6. Omega-3 fatty acids
DHA or Docosahexaenoic acid, a type of fat that helps with growth and development, is also known as an omega-3 fatty acid. During pregnancy, an adequate level of omega-3 fatty acids is required for the development of the baby’s brain and eyes, so it is considered one of the best pregnancy vitamins. Herring, salmon, trout, anchovies, catfish, and shrimp are among the foods rich in DHA, or omega-3 fatty acids.
Iodine is an essential mineral for the thyroid hormone, which also helps the body use and store energy from food. During pregnancy, the baby needs the necessary amount of iodine for the development of the nervous system. Iodine mineral requirements can be met by consuming certain foods such as: milk, yogurt, cheese, and iodized salt. In addition, iodine supplements can be taken under the supervision of a doctor.
Thus, we have taken the most important 7 vitamins for a pregnant woman or during pregnancy, which are important and necessary for the health of a pregnant woman, such as vitamin C and vitamin D, and we have also taken some minerals that women need during pregnancy, such as folic acid, iodine and iron minerals.